He wasknown for his studies of semiconductivity and otheraspects of SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. The first to win aNobel Prize twice in the same field, Bardeen shared the1956 physics prize with Walter Brattain and WilliamShockley, for work in developing the TRANSISTOR,and the 1972 physics prize with Leon Cooper and JohnSchreiffer, for their theory of SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. Bardeen, John (1908-1991), American physicistborn in Madison, Wisconsin. Working at BellLaboratories in New Jersey, Bardeen was a memberof the team that developed the transistor. For thiswork, he shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in physics withAmerican physicists William Shockley and Walter H.
Brattain. In 1972 he shared the Nobel Prize inphysics with American physicists Leon N. Cooperand John R. Schrieffer for the development of atheory to explain superconductivity. He was the firstscientist to win two Nobel Prizes in the sameBibliography: